Throughout our lives, we are frequently overexposed to the sun’s rays. Going outside without protective layers of clothing or sunscreen can leave our skin exposed to UV radiation, which, over time, can cause spots to form on our skin. These sunspots, also known as age spots, are flat, brown spots that form on the parts of the body that are most frequently hit by direct sunlight, including the face, shoulders, arms, and hands. Through repeated ultraviolet light exposure, pigment cells are stimulated to increase the production of melanin, which causes increased pigmentation of the skin, leading to the formation of sunspots. While increased melanin production serves as a protective measure, to prevent our skin from burning, it has the unfortunate side effect of creating new sunspots, brown spots, and dark spots on the face and body.
Sunspots are very common and completely harmless, however, it can feel distressing to have these signs of aging visible on our bodies. Luckily, there are many dermatological treatments available to eliminate sunspots permanently, including laser treatments, intense pulsed light, chemical peels, and much more. When navigating the treatment options, it is best to make an appointment with a specialist in cosmetic dermatologist, such as Dr. Michele Green, who can help develop the best treatment plan that suits your specific cosmetic concerns.
Dr. Green is an expert in treating sunspots, discoloration, and other disorders of hyperpigmentation in her private NYC Upper East Side office. A board certified dermatologist, Dr. Green is uniquely skilled at removing sunspots and facial pigmentation and is always on the cutting edge of safe and effective treatments. If you are tired of facial or body discoloration, sunspots, or age spots, Dr. Green is here to help remove these unwanted dark spots and help protect your skin from future hyperpigmentation. By creating a customized treatment plan for you, and incorporating the best treatments, skincare and broad spectrum sunscreen, Dr. Green will help you obtain and maintain even, beautiful, clear skin.
What is a skin sunspot?
As we age, the effects of frequent unprotected sun exposure begin to show on our skin in the form of sunspots. Sunspots are characterized by flat, brown spots that vary in size and shape and develop most frequently on the face, shoulders, arms, and hands. The term sunspot has become synonymous with other terms such as age spots and liver spots, though these spots that appear have nothing to do with the liver. Sunspots are extremely common but tend to more frequently affect people over the age of 40. Sun spots or age spots are due entirely to the degree of sun damage that you have sustained during your life, and your genetic predisposition to producing these dark spots. With increased sun exposure, the number of sun spots and depth of pigmentation increases. Sunspots are harmless but unlike freckles, they do not fade over time and can only be eliminated through a dermatologic treatment, such as chemical peels or lasers.
What do sunspots look like on your skin?
Sunspots are flat areas of skin discoloration which can be light tan, brown, or varying shades in between. Sunspots do not have any texture, and can appear on any part of your body which has been exposed to the sun, including your face, neck, décolletage, shoulders, back, legs, and the top of your hands. Another term for sunspots are liver spots or solar lentigines.
What causes sunspots or age spots on your skin?
In childhood, repeated sun exposure leads to freckles in sun exposed areas. Over time, as we age and are exposed to more sun, these freckles tend to coalesce and get darker and larger and result in sunspots. These sunspots get deeper over time on your face, chest, neck, back, legs, and hands. In fact, for many patients, sunspots on the hands are one of the first visible signs of aging.
How do sunspots form on skin?
Sunspots form as a result of intense exposure to UV rays from the sun. These UV rays are absorbed into our skin and cause the melanocytes in that area to multiply. Melanocytes are the pigmented skin cells responsible for the production and transfer of melanin, which is the chemical in our bodies that gives our skin pigmentation. Through repeated exposure to the sun, the melanin in the skin comes together to create a dark spot on the skin. The purpose of melanin in the body is to absorb UV rays and protect the DNA in our skin, thus, sunspots occur on the body to protect us. However, the discoloration on the skin can be a distressing sign of aging.
When is it time to consult a dermatologist to evaluate your sunspots?
Spots that appear on our bodies as we age can be alarming, as the development of spots on our skin can be an early sign of skin cancer. For that reason it is very important to have spots evaluated by a dermatologist when you notice them developing on your body. Skin cancer is very common – in fact, 1 in 5 Americans is likely to develop skin cancer before they are 70, according to research released by the Skin Cancer Foundation. However, not all spots that develop over time are precancerous, in fact, sunspots are not dangerous at all and need only be removed for cosmetic reasons. When you discover a spot, it can be challenging to tell the difference. Some signs of cancerous growth are as follows:
- Spots or moles that are new, growing, or changing
- Spots or moles with irregular borders
Cancerous spots can develop as a result of harmful UV rays from the sun or tanning beds. If you are uncertain about a spot on your body, it is always advisable to go see a healthcare professional, such as Dr. Michele Green, to determine if the lesion is a harmless sunspot or abnormal cancerous growth.
AlexTrivantage laser and Fraxel before and after
Can sun spots be removed?
Patients often ask if sun spots can be removed from the body and the answer is yes! There are many treatment options that can be found at board-certified dermatologist, Dr. Green’s office, including laser treatments, chemical peels, intense pulsed light, and much more. When you have your initial consultation with Dr. Green, she will help to determine the treatment or series of treatments that will be best to erase the appearance of sun spots on your skin. The treatments can also work on a variety of treatment areas, including the face, neck, scalp, hands, arms, legs, back and décolletage. Sun spots can be removed in virtually any area of the body.
How to remove sunspots on your skin
There are many techniques for removing sunspots, from over-the-counter creams containing hydroquinones, Vitamin C, and retinols, to laser treatments, chemical peels, and Cosmelan peels. Dr. Michele Green is an expert in sunspot removal and uses a combination of treatments to remove sunspots, based on the distribution of your sunspots and skin tone. Patients with Fitzpatrick type I and II skin types are generally treated with different lasers and methods than patients with darker type III through type V skin. Choosing the right laser, based on your skin tone and condition, is fundamental to having the best cosmetic results. The following list are the skin-treatments which Dr. Green utilizes in her NYC private office to remove sunspots. When you have your initial consultation with Dr. Green, the two of you will work together to determine the best treatment option or combination of treatments that will work for you.
Candela Alex-Trivantage laser to treat sun spots
In her Upper East Side Office, Dr. Green employs several different types of lasers to treat sunspots depending on the severity and location of the discoloration, as well as the skin type of the patient. One such laser that Dr. Green uses is the Candela Alex-Trivantage Laser, which is an ndYag laser for treating discreet sun spots. The laser works by emitting wavelengths of light that are absorbed by the dark spots on the skin. These melanin-rich lesions transform the light energy into heat, which eliminates the pigmentation and stimulates the production of new, lighter, healthier skin. The laser specifically targets the pigmentation in the skin, meaning that the skin surrounding the sunspot is unaffected by the treatment. When you have your initial consultation with Dr. Green, she will be able to determine the number of treatments necessary based on the darkness and size of the treatment area. Patients typically need between one and two treatments in order to produce the best results. The results of the Candela Alex-Trivantage laser treatment can be seen in one to two weeks following the procedure.
Fraxel laser to remove sun spots
Fraxel laser was the first FDA approved fractionated laser, used to treat sun damage, sun spots, texture, stretch marks, actinic keratoses, acne scars, fine lines and wrinkles. The Fraxel® laser works by resurfacing a “fraction” of the skin and leaves the remaining skin unaffected, to minimize the downtime, making healing faster, and still delivering amazing results. Fraxel laser creates “micro-injuries” on the skin, which triggers new collagen formation, and healthy new skin cells. Dr. Green has coined the phrase the “magic eraser” to explain how the Fraxel laser can remove unwanted pigmentation and sunspots and leave your skin clear and even.
The Fraxel Dual has two wavelengths, the 1927 which treats predominantly pigmentation, and the 1550 which treats fine lines, wrinkles, and acne scars. A combination of the two settings can be utilized to treat both conditions at the same time, resulting in the reduction of sun spots, wrinkles, and improving skin texture, all with only a few days of recovery. Several sessions of Fraxel should be scheduled to remove sun damage and give you the best cosmetic results. Dr. Green recommends scheduling three treatment sessions, each spaced a month a part, for the ultimate treatment. The Fraxel laser is best used to treat lighter skin tones. Patients with darker skin tones who are looking for laser treatment can look to the Clear + Brilliant Laser, which Dr. Green also uses in her office.
42 year old female before and after sun spot treatment with AlexTrivantage laser
Clear + Brilliant Laser for sun spots
Clear + Brilliant laser is commonly referred to as a “mini-Fraxel” laser. Clear + Brilliant is a gentle resurfacing laser that was FDA approved in 2011. By using fractionated laser technology, Clear + Brilliant creates millions of microscopic treatment tones in the face, stimulates new collagen production, removes dead skin cells, and produces new healthy skin. Five treatments are best for overall improvement. There is zero down time with the Clear + Brilliant laser and the results is facial rejuvenation, with new healthy younger looking skin. Clear + Brilliant treats all over sun damage, sunspots, tone , texture, fine lines, and minimizes pore size. Patients of all skin tones, including darker complexions, can benefit from Clear + Brilliant laser treatment. Immediate improvement is noted after just one treatment, with continued improvement weeks laser with Clear + Brilliant laser treatment.
Cosmelan peels to treat sun damage and sun spots
Cosmelan peels are a type of professional-grade chemical peel treatment option available in the office of Dr. Michele Green, which contains a proprietary combination of active ingredients to produce extremely effective skin lightening results. The Cosmelan Peel mask that is applied works by multiple mechanisms to dispel the pigmentation in the affected areas and prevent further accumulation of melanin. The peel triggers the production of new skin cells, which eliminates dark spots on the skin, and inhibits melanin from moving to the epidermis from the melanocyte where it is created.
When patients arrive at Dr. Green’s office for treatment, she will apply the Cosmelan Peel to the skin, where it will remain for several hours. Dr. Green will determine the amount of time that the mask must be worn, depending on the severity of the melasma, pigmentation, or dark spots and the location of the sunspots. Patients will then remove the mask at home with a gentle cleanser. Following the treatment, Dr. Green may prescribe a skincare routine with creams from her MGSKINLABs, which will enhance the results of the treatment and protect your skin from further skin pigmentation. Creams may include such ingredients as Kojic acid, azelaic acid, hydroquinone, and hydra-vital factor K. Dr. Green also recommends strict sun avoidance following the treatment to avoid any further damage by the UV light in the sun’s rays. If you must be out in the sun, Dr. Green recommends a combination of chemical and physical sunscreens for the best protection. The pigmentation elimination effects of the treatment last forever as long as you avoid further exposure to harmful UV rays and wear sunscreen.
Chemical Peels to remove sun spots
Chemical peels are a treatment option for sunspots, which involves resurfacing the skin by applying a chemical solution to exfoliate the treatment area and removing the top layers of dead skin. The treatment is effective not only in removing dead skin cells but also triggering the production of new, lighter skin cells, and unclogging the pores. Dr. Green employs a variety of proprietary chemical peels, which contain glycolic acid and trichloroacetic acid, for the best results at eliminating sun spots. Chemical peels can come in different strengths including mild chemical peels, medium, and deep chemical peels. Mild and moderate chemical peels are best to address sunspots to dispel the melanin-rich lesions. Since a chemical peel is a controlled injury, to exfoliate the skin and stimulate the production of new skin, the side effects of the peel can include redness and flaking. These side effects generally resolve in a few days after the peel. Dr. Green may also prescribe moisturizers or other topical creams from her MGSKINLABs products to address this dryness. As with any treatment for sunspots, it is essential to wear sunscreen following the procedure and maintain strict sun avoidance in order to maintain the wellness of your skin.
Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) for pigmentation and sun damage
The Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) laser, or photofacial, works to treat pigmentation, redness, fine lines and skin tightening, to improve the overall color and texture of the skin. Intense Pulsed Light differs from laser resurfacing in that while lasers typically use a single wavelength of light, IPL lasers use several different wavelengths of light to treat a variety of skin conditions. IPL treatment works by applying the IPL device to the skin that emits a flash of light, which travels to the dermal layer of the skin to dispel the pigmentation cells that make up sunspots. This occurs because melanin-rich cells absorb the light, which is then turned into heat energy. The heat energy destroys the pigmentation consequently lightening the skin.
The photofacial is a quick and effective procedure with minimal discomfort and no downtime. Patients generally report that the IPL treatment feels like a rubber band being lightly snapped on your skin. As such, Dr. Green does not typically employ any numbing cream, though patients can request a topical numbing cream for even greater comfort during the procedure. There is no downtime or recovery necessary following the procedure, however, Dr. Green recommends that you avoid exposure to the sun as much as possible and wear sunscreen whenever you are outdoors.
MGSKINLABs Skin Care Products
Founded by expert, board-certified dermatologist, Dr. Michele Green, MGSKINLABs Inc. has the best skin lightening creams and lotions to treat sunspots. Dr. Green has created a specific pigment protocol regiment for her patients with the safest, most effective topical creams, moisturizers, and cleansers. When you consult with Dr. Green on the best treatment plan to address your sunspots, she will recommend specific products combined with creams, serums, skin lightening creams, and sunscreens from her MGSKINLABs line of products, to best suit your unique needs. Each product is tried and true to effectively eliminate pigmentation and generate healthy, smooth, and bright skin.
First, Dr. Green recommends the use of a gentle cleanser. Skin lightening creams run the risk of irritating the skin, so Dr. Green recommends a mild lipid-free cleanser, which will clean your skin without drying it or producing any further irritation. Rich moisturizers and hyaluronic acid serum are part of maintaining the proper skin balance and texture. Dr. Green may also recommend a topical retinol cream to help remove the discoloration and sunspots. A retinol cream is essential for skin rehabilitation, to exfoliate the skin, to eliminate dead skin cells, and stimulate the production of collagen. This new collagen production results in rejuvenated, brightened, pigment-free skin.
Along with retinol, Dr. Green may prescribe a hydroquinone or hydroquinone-free skin brightening cream. Hydroquinone is a topical skin lightener, which works by blocking the production of melanin and reducing the movement of melanin to the dermis. Hydroquinone should be applied only under the direct supervision of a board certified dermatologist, like Dr. Green, for optimal results. In conjunction with these creams, Dr. Green’s Vita C serum works to decrease unwanted discoloration of your skin, rejuvenates, and decreases unwanted redness as well.
The final, crucial part of the pigment protocol to reduce sunspots and other forms of skin pigmentation, is sunscreen. Dr. Green offers both chemical and physical sunscreen at MGSKINLABs Inc. When going through sunspot treatment, Dr. Green recommends doubling up on sunscreen to use both chemical and physical sunscreen. Chemical sunscreen is absorbed into the skin and absorbs UV rays to protect you from harm whereas physical sunscreen sits on top of the skin and reflects the sun’s rays.
Mesopeels for pigmentation under eyes and body
Mesopeels are a type of chemical peel available at Dr. Green’s office specifically designed to treat more sensitive areas of the skin. The four important active ingredients – 20% Azelaic, 10% Resorcinol, 6% Phytic, and 3% Tranexamic Acid – work together to gently exfoliate the skin and stimulate the production of new collagen. The exfoliation works to eliminated the pigmented cells while the stimulation of collagen production triggers the growth of smoother, lighter, and brighter skin cells. There are two type of Mesopeels, one for hyperpigmentation around the axillae, groin, and buttocks. The other type of Mesopeel, Mesopeel Periocular, is specifically designed to lighten the dark under eye circles.
The Mesopeels are applied at Dr. Green’s office and will then be removed with a special neutralizing solution. Depending on the area of the face or the body, where the Mesopeel is applied, the solution is applied for anywhere from one to ten minutes. Mesopeels are best used for treatment in sensitive areas, with absolutely no discomfort and no recovery time. A series of Mesopeels should be scheduled every two to three weeks, with the full cosmetic results evident after six peels. t is important for patients to avoid significant exposure to the sun either by wearing a combination of chemical and physical sunscreens, wearing clothing that covers the skin, or staying indoors between 10am and 3pm when the sun is at its most intense.
Hydroquinone-free lightening creams
Creams that contain hydroquinone are often considered the gold-standard for skin lightening, however, a risk factor of this powerful treatment is skin irritation and redness in patients with sensitive skin types. Because of this sensitivity, Dr. Green recommends creams and serums that contain tranexamic acid rather than hydroquinone. Tranexamic acid blocks movement of melanin from the melanocytes, where it is created, to the dermis. It is this movement of melanin that is responsible for sunspots and other pigmentation in the skin. As a result, creams containing tranexamic acid rather than hydroquinone are still very effective in preventing sunspots and pigmentation when regularly applied. If you are unsure about which lightening cream is best for you, Dr. Green will make a recommendation for the treatment plan that will be best for you during your initial consultation.
Microdermabrasion for discoloration
Microdermabrasion is a treatment option available at Dr. Green’s office, which is used to gently remove the epidermal layer of the skin to even out texture, and eliminate discoloration and fine lines. The procedure exfoliates the skin using aluminum oxide crystals, which removes dead skin cells and promotes the production of new, lighter skin cells in the treatment area. Results of the procedure are best achieved after several treatments spaced about a month apart. Dr. Green will determine the treatment schedule that is best for you after considering the size and severity of the treatment area.
HydraFacials for skin brightening
HydraFacials are a three-step, medical grade facial often paired with boosters, to remove facial pigmentation, acne, and redness. The HydraFacial, performed at Dr. Green’s office, begins with the cleansing phase. A cleanser, called the HydraFacial MD Active-4-cleanser, or a chemical peel is applied to the skin to remove dead skin cells while simultaneously hydrating the skin. Once the skin has been cleansed, the second step in the processes is exfoliation. The exfoliating step is often compared to a microdermabrasion, though the processes differ in their exfoliating technique. During a HydraFacial, the skin in exfoliated with a vortex suction machine that has a specially designed tip to remove dead skin cells and dirt. Finally, step three involves rejuvenating the skin with serums and moisturizers. Dr. Green employs custom designed skincare treatments to revitalize the skin and leave you with a young, fresh face free of pigmentation.
Microneedling with skin depigmentation solution
Microneedling, also known as collagen induction therapy, is an excellent skin rejuvenating treatment option that can be paired and enhanced with skin lightening serums or Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP). The process of microneedling treatment entails the creation of micro-injuries in the epidermal layer of the skin with a handheld device containing insulated surgical-grade needles. The pricks of the needles trigger the body’s healing response, which leads to the production of collagen and new skin cells. This stimulation of the production of new collagen in the skin helps to decrease the appearance of sun spots, improve skin texture, and treat acne scars. By piercing the melanin-rich lesions, the micro-wounds created eliminate the pigmented skin cells and promote the production of new, lighter skin cells.
For patients who are most concerned with addressing hyperpigmentation, whether it be in the form of melasma, sun spots, or pigmented acne scars, incorporating the use of a depigmenting serum into your microneedling treatment provides exceptional results. The depigmenting serum that is utilized during treatment is a unique blend of effective yet gentle skin brightening agents that work against melanocytes in the skin (the skin cells responsible for creating pigment). The result is an even-toned complexion with an observable reduction in hyperpigmentation. Patients enjoy that after their microneedling treatment with depigmenting serum their skin is more radiant and has a healthy glow that lasts.
The procedure itself is quick, simple, and painless. Dr. Green will apply topical numbing cream before the procedure begins and the microneedling itself will take less than an hour. Dr. Green typically recommends that patients return 3 to 5 times in order to see the full effects of the treatment. In most cases, Dr. Green pairs the treatment with skin lightening serums or Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP). These additional treatments help to target melanin-rich lesions to block melanin transfer to the area and further trigger the production of collagen. Paired with microneedling, these serums are extremely effective in eliminating pigmentation in the skin that results from sunspots.
Cryotherapy for sun spot removal
An old fashioned treatment that used to be associated with removing sunspots was cryotherapy, which is when liquid nitrogen is used to freeze away sunspots. While the word “cryotherapy” may sound familiar, it is not typically used anymore, as the treatment can cause significant skin irritation and damage. Instead, lasers, IPL, or chemical peels are used, as those treatments are more effective than cryotherapy and cause less damage to the skin.
How does the Candela Alex-Trivantage laser work for sunspots?
Prior to having your age spots or sunspots treated, you should avoid sun exposure and should not have a recent tan or sun burn. A topical numbing cream is prescribed your treatment, to be applied one hour before laser treatment, to avoid any discomfort. The sensation of the laser treatment is similar to snapping a rubber band against your skin but the procedure will be entirely painless with the topical numbing cream. A small scab will develop in each sunspot that was treated and will take approximately one week to heal. During this week you will apply Aquaphor twice a day to the treated areas and avoid sun exposure. You should refrain from wearing make-up in the treated areas for one week after having your laser treatment. The sunspots will disappear within one week after your laser treatment, and you will be left with new, healthy looking skin.
Female 35-44 years old. AlexTrivantage for dark spots 2 months before and after
The benefits of the Alex-Trivantage laser include
• Removes sun spots and age spots
• Removes tattoos including black, blue, red, and green colors
• Stimulates new collagen production to improve skin tone
• Requires only one or two treatments to remove sun spots
How to remove sun spots with chemical peels
Chemical peels are an excellent treatment to improve all over sun damage, skin texture, fine lines, and sunspots. The topical chemical solution is applied to the areas of your skin which need treatment, and cause the surface layer of skin cells to peel off. As the dead skin cells exfoliate, healthy new skin cells regenerate in their place. There are many different types of chemical peels, from glycolic acid, salicylic acid, alpha hydroxy acid, to trichloroacetic acid peels. Dr. Green will match the best type of chemical peel and strength, based on your skin type and discoloration, to rejuvenate your skin and remove your sun spots.
Depending on the severity of your sun damage, Dr. Green will determine if a light, medium, or deep chemical peel is necessary. Chemical peels do not just treat and remove sun spots. Chemical peels are effective at treating actinic keratoses, hyperpigmentation, discoloration, melasma, and acne. Depending on your skin tone and concern, a series of chemical peels every four weeks, will renew your skin and remove your dark spots. You will notice a visible improvement after even just one peel, however, the best cosmetic results are obtained after a series of chemical peels are performed, since it takes time to reverse years of sun damage.
Most common FAQ’s about Sunspots
There are many misconceptions about treating sunspots or age spots and Dr. Green has complied a list of the most common questions and answers for you below.
How to cure sun spots vs. Melasma
Many patients present to Dr. Green with recurring sunspots and discoloration which have been treated with other lasers, such as Picosure, CO2, Erbium, Fraxel, IPL, among other treatments. However, upon close inspection, these patients have underlying melasma and the laser treatments have made their condition worse. Laser treatment is not the best treatment for melasma. It may temporarily improve the condition with dark spots becoming lighter. However, after repeated sun exposure, these sun spots and melasma become much more difficult to treat, as the pigmentation becomes deeper and more entrenched in the skin.
For this important reason, Dr. Green recommends chemical peels, topical skin lightening treatments, Mesopeels, and Cosmelan peels for melasma and not laser treatment. Dr. Green treats many patients who suffer from post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) or worsening on their dark spots after laser treatment. Cosmelan is one of the best treatments to remove melasma, and discoloration from laser treatments and PIH. Although melasma, like sun spots, is caused by exposure to UV rays, the hormonal association is what sets it apart. Pregnancy, hormonal replacement, and birth control pills, can worsen melasma. Women and patients with darker skin types are more prone to developing melasma and there is a genetic component as well. The differentiation between sun spots and melasma is a very critical one, as they require completely different treatments.
How long do sunspots last on skin?
Sunspots and freckles may fade over time, as long as there is no new sun exposure. However, sun spots are a symptom of sun damage, and never go away completely on their own. With the advent of laser treatments and chemical peels, sun spots can be safely and effectively removed with little or no down time.
What is the difference between sun spots and skin cancer?
Sometimes it can be difficult to differentiate between a sunspot and skin cancer. Many common skin cancers, such as actinic keratoses, basal cell carcinomas, and malignant melanomas, can look like sunspots. Skin cancer can present as a harmless looking spot on the face or body. However, a board certified dermatologist, like Dr. Michele Green, can appreciate the difference between a benign and a malignant lesion. Most melanomas are darker in color and have irregular borders, while sunspots and solar lentigines are typically smaller and more uniform in color.
Skin cancer is on the rise today in the United States, and it is more important than ever to identify and treat these lesions early. The “ABCDE” of melanoma is not always one hundred percent accurate. Dr. Green has removed many small melanomas which were clinically under four millimeters in size. Careful examination of a dark lesion and biopsy may be indicated to be certain of the correct diagnosis and treatment. The current statistics by the Skin Cancer Foundation, is that 1 in 5 Americans will develop skin cancer by the age of 70. Dr. Green is a member of the American Academy of Dermatology and recommends yearly skin cancer examinations to diagnose, treat, and prevent skin cancer.
Are sunspots skin cancer?
No, sunspots or age spots are completely benign and do not turn into skin cancer. However, due to repeated sun exposure, patients with an increased number of sunspots are more predisposed to developing skin cancer. Sun pots are a warning that you have had too much sun exposure which has caused damage to your skin.
Are sunspots on your skin dangerous?
Sunspots on your skin are not dangerous. Sunspots are an indication that you have received a lot of sun exposure during the course of your lifetime. Sunspots are benign lesions. However, the fact that you have received so much sun exposure, makes you at an increased risk for skin cancer during your lifetime. Dr. Green recommends annual skin cancer exams to ensure that you don’t have any skin cancers which need immediate diagnosis and treatment.
45-54 year old female – Cosmelan for sunspots
What to use for sun spots on the face
The best way to avoid sunspots is proper sun protection and avoiding unnecessary UV rays. Patients need to use sunscreen with an SPF 30 or higher, which protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Dr. Green often suggests combing two different types of sunscreens, especially if there is a propensity for sunspots or melamsa. By combining a chemical sunblock with a physical sunblock, and applying it at regular intervals to sun exposed areas of your skin, you will avoid developing sunspots and sun related skin cancers. The AAD (American Academy of Dermatology) has a great deal of information on their web site on the dangers of tanning, tanning beds, proper skin care, and sun protection, and skin cancer prevention.
The key points to prevent sunspots or sun damage on your face are:
- Apply sunscreen daily before going outdoors.
- Reapply sunscreen at regular intervals, especially after swimming or sweating.
- Use sunscreens with an SPF 30 or higher with the proper sunblock ingredients preventing both UVA and UVB damage.
- Wear protective clothing from the sun, including broad rimmed hats, long sleeved shirts, and sunglasses.
- Avoid the sun between the hours of 10 a.m. and 3 p.m. when it is strongest.
How much does it cost to remove sunspots?
The cost of removing sunspots varies depending on the degree of hyperpigmentation or sunspots present. The price of sunspot removal is contingent on the laser or modality utilized for treatment and the extent of the sunspots and sun damage. The cost varies for each person depending on the extent of treatment necessary. When you make your consultation appointment with Dr. Green, she will assess the treatment area and determine the treatment plan that will work best for you. After that assessment has been made, her office can provide you with a better estimate of the cost of the treatment.
How to treat sun spots at home
There are several at home treatments for removing sunspots which include:
- Aloe vera to lighten hyperpigmentation.
- Apple cider vinegar to lighten sunspots when applied consistently.
- Green tea has a skin lightening effect when applied topically.
- Vitamin C serum like Dr. Green’s popular Vita-C-serum, has powerful antioxidant properties, to lighten sunspots and repair the effects of damaging UV rays.
- Retinol creams and glycolic lotions help to exfoliate the skin, fade sunspots, and exfoliate the skin.
- Skin lightening creams which contain hydroquinones, kojic acid, arbutine, phytic acid, and azelaic acid, which all lighten the skin and act to diminish the appearance of sunspots and discoloration.
Does sun kill fungus on skin?
More research needs to be done to determine the firm answer to this question, however, preliminary studies have shown that UV radiation from the sun can eliminate fungus on the skin. This is particularly pertinent for patients suffering from Athlete’s Foot, which is a condition characterized by the development of fungi on the foot. Studies suggest that exposing the infected feet to sunlight can help to reduce the symptoms of the condition.
What helps with sun spots on shoulders?
If you are worried about the appearance of sunspots on your shoulders, you can make an appointment with Dr. Green to have them removed. Sunspots on shoulders can be removed in a variety of ways, including laser treatment, Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) treatment, chemical peels, and microneedling. These treatment options can be done safely and effectively on the shoulder for permanent elimination of sunspots in that area. To determine which treatment option is best for you, book your consultation appointment with Dr. Green today.
Can the sun cause bumps on skin?
Yes. Those who have developed a sensitivity to sunlight may experience a condition called “polymorphous light eruption,” also known as polymorphic light eruption. This condition is characterized by a rash that develops as a result of exposure to sunlight. The rash is typically a patch of red skin with small bumps or an area of raised skin. Usually, the condition goes away on its own within 10 days without any further effect on the skin. If you are concerned about a rash that has appeared on your skin, it is best to consult an expert dermatologist, such as Dr. Michele Green.
How to remove sun spots on the face
There are many treatment methods available to remove sun spots on the face. When you have your initial consultation with Dr. Green, you will discuss your specific needs and treatment area to determine the best treatment schedule for you. With so many options available, it is best to consult with an expert dermatologist, such as Dr. Michele Green in NYC, to help you navigate the treatment options. Dr. Green has treatments available to address sun spots for all skin types. When it comes to treating sun spots on the face, the options range from laser treatments, such as the Candela Alex-Trivantage Laser or the Clear + Brilliant laser, to chemical peels, such as Cosmelan peels, to the application of skin lightening creams. Dr. Green may also recommend Intense Pulsed Light treatment to help destroy unwanted pigmentation on the skin. Following sun spot removal treatment, Dr. Green can recommend the most effective sunscreen to protect the skin and prevent the formation of additional sun spots in the future.
How to get rid of facial sun spots with laser treatment
There are several laser treatment options available to get rid of sun spots, including the Candela Alex-Trivantage Laser, the Fraxel Laser, and the Clear + Brilliant laser. Each laser treatment option serves a slightly different function when it comes to treating the skin. The Candela Alex-Trivantage laser works well to treat individual, distinct sun spots. The wavelength of light emitted by the laser targets the pigmentation in the skin to destroy the hyperpigmentation. The Fraxel laser is also often used to eliminate the appearance of sunspots. The Fraxel laser has two wavelengths of light that can be used: the 1927 wavelength to treat dark spots on the surface of the skin, and the 1550, which can address wrinkles and scars. Dr. Green may use the two wavelengths together to address multiple signs of aging at once. The Fraxel laser is best used for patients with lighter skin. For patients with a darker skin tone, the Ckear + Brilliant laser, known as the mini-Fraxel laser, is safe and effective at removing hyperpigmentation on the skin, including sun spots. When you have your initial consultation with Dr. Green, she will help to determine the laser treatment that will work best to meet your needs.
How to remove face age spots with chemical peels
Chemical peels come in different depths and strengths and can be used to eliminate the appearance of sun spots on the face. The most popular chemical peel used for treating sun spots and age spots at Dr. Green’s office is the Cosmelan peel. The Cosmelan peel is used specifically to treat pigmentation on the skin and works to resurface the skin to eliminate hyperpigmentation from sun spots to melisma. Cosmlean peels also inhibit the further collection of melanin at the treatment area. Other forms of chemical peels can also be used on the face to trigger the production of new, lighter skin cells to reduce the appearance of pigmentation, remove dead skin cells, and unclog the pores. With a wide range of chemical peels available, it is best to consult with an experienced dermatologist to determine the best depth and strength chemical peel will be safe and effective for you.
How to treat sun spots on the face with IPL
When eliminating sun spots on the face, Dr. Green will often employ the use of the Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) laser. The treatment works by emitting a wavelength of light that is targeted towards the pigmentation in the second layer of the skin. The melanin in the hyperpigmentation absorbs the light and transforms it into heat energy, which destroys the pigmentation there. Intense Pulsed Light is also known as a Photofacial and can be used to achieve, tighter, smoother, more youthful looking skin.
How to get rid of white spots from tanning
Sometimes, high amounts of sun exposure or tanning beds can result in hypo-pigmentation, or the appearance of light spots on the affected area. White spots on the skin may occur for several reasons, and, as such, it is important to determine the cause of the hypo-pigmentation in order to determine the best treatment method. One condition that can occur from too much sun exposure or from tanning beds is Tinea versicolor. Tinea versicolor occurs when there is an overgrowth of yeast, called pityrosporum, on the surface of the skin. This yeast feeds on sweat, which can increase when you find yourself someplace sunny or humid. When it comes to tanning beds, bacteria can grow in the hot environment where many people are sweating, triggering pityrosporum growth on your own body. Tinea versicolor can typically be treated using an anti-fungal medication that can be prescribed upon diagnosis of the condition.
White spots can also be caused by an underlying condition made more apparent by tanning that occurs on the skin, such as Vitiligo. Vitiligo is believed to be an autoimmune disorder where white patches form on the skin, resulting from production of melanin being stopped. When patients tan, the already present vitiligo becomes more visible in contrast with the darker skin of the tan. There are several treatments that can help to reduce the disparity in coloration, such as corticosteroid creams and UVA or UVB phototherapy. If you are experiencing white spots on the surface of the skin, it is best to consult a dermatologist, such as Dr. Green to get the correct diagnosis of the condition and the best treatment plan for your condition.
How to remove age spots from the hands
Sun spots or age spots on the backs of the hands are one of the tell-tale signs of aging. The hands are often exposed to the sun without the protection of sunscreen, leading to liver spots or sun spots on the backs of the hands. Luckily, just like the face, the backs of the hands can be treated to eliminate sun spots with a variety of treatment methods. At Dr. Green’s office, treatment options for the hands range from skin lightening creams from Dr. Green’s proprietary MGSKINLABs, to laser treatment, such as the Fraxel laser, Candela Alex-Trivantage laser, or the Clear + Brilliant laser, to chemicals peels, and IPL treatment. With a wide range of treatments available, Dr. Green will help you to determine the right treatment to reverse signs of aging and ensure your hands are looking bright, clear, and youthful.
How to remove liver spots
Liver spots are another name for sun spots, which occur as a result of over exposure to harmful UV rays. Excess exposure to the sun can cause the melanocytes in the body to increase production of melanin in specific areas, which results in the formation of dark spots on the skin. Liver spots are harmless but can be a frustrating reminder of the natural aging process. Luckily, there are many options when it comes to liver spot removal. Laser treatment, chemical peels, intense pulsed light treatment, hydrofacials, mesopeels, skin lightening creams, and microneedling are all treatment options available in Dr. Green’s Upper East Side dermatology office to remove liver spots from the skin.
How to heal sun spots
The first step to removing sun spots on the skin is to make an appointment with a board-certified, expert dermatologist, such as Dr. Michele Green in NYC. A formal consultation with Dr. Green is needed to see which cosmetic treatment is best to remove your sunspots. Patients with light skin complexion may be candidates for Fraxel® or chemical peels. Dr. Green treats sun spots in many Asian patients with the Alex-Trivantage laser, since it has a special wavelength designed to treat Asian skin. Darker skin types are usually best treated with chemical peels, Clear + Brilliant®, chemical peels or Cosmelan. If you are suffering from melasma, Dr. Green will evaluate you to see if lasers, skin lightening creams, chemical peels or Cosmelan®, may be the best treatment for you.
55-64 year old woman treated with Cosmelan & Chemical Peels
Am I a good candidate for sunspot removal?
The presence of sunspots can cause one to appear much older than their true age and, for many, cause feelings of self-consciousness or low self-esteem. Luckily, Dr. Green offers a host of non-invasive treatments for eliminating sunspots and restoring an even skin tone. Dr. Michele Green treats some of the most discerning men and women from around the world for sunspot removal in her private NYC dermatology office. Sunspots can be treated anywhere on the body, including but not limited to the face, neck, décolletage, hands, arms, legs, and back. With over 25 years of experience, Dr. Green is an expert in non-invasive cosmetic treatments, such as Botox®, cosmetic dermal filler treatments, laser resurfacing treatments, and Thermage®, among others. Her dedication to her patients and to her practice is well-reflected by the fact that she is consistently voted as one of the best physicians in New York by Castle Connolly, Super Doctors, and New York Magazine.
Dr. Green personally performs all laser treatments in her New York based office, and when you consult with Dr. Green she will work with you to thoroughly understand your specific skin concerns and ideal cosmetic results. Together you will then develop a treatment plan that incorporates a unique combination of in-office procedures and specially formulated skin care products to best address your skin condition and provide you with optimal results. Whether you are looking to reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation associated with sun damage, freckles, sunspots, or otherwise rejuvenate your skin, Dr. Green can help. To get started with developing your personalized treatment plan and consult with Dr. Green, call the New York City based office at 212 535 3088 or contact us online today.