Melasma is a facial skin condition that presents with blotchy areas of hyperpigmentation distributed primarily over the forehead, cheeks upper lip and less commonly the forearm. The exact cause of melasma is unknown however it is believed that the pigment producing cells known as melanocytes, become over active producing more melanin in selective locations. Darker skinned individuals are more at risk than fair skinned individuals. Estrogen and progesterone sensitivity are also associated with the condition. This means birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormone therapy can all trigger melasma. Stress and thyroid disease have also been postulated to be causes of melasma. It’s also called chloasma, or the “mask of pregnancy,” when it occurs in pregnant women. The condition is much more common in women than men, though men can get it too. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, 90 percent of people who develop melasma are women.
Melasma and hyperpigmentation have historically been some of the toughest skin conditions to treat because discoloration lies so deep within the skin’s layers and is hard for medications to target. That is a thing of the past with the Cosmelan® peel. The Cosmelan® Peel is a unique, multi-ingredient chemical treatment designed to reduce areas of skin discoloration and hyperpigmentation. Melanin is responsible for creating the skin tone, as well as splotchy areas of darker tissue.
The Cosmelan® peel decreases the skin’s natural melanin production by inhibiting certain enzymes, providing an even complexion. Cosmelan treatment involves a very versatile, dynamic process which is easily adapted to the needs of each individual patient. The Cosmelan® peel is a professional-grade cream that is applied by board certified dermatologist Dr. Michele S. Green in her practice on the Upper East Side. The mask is left in place for a number of hours (depending on the degree of pigmentation and skin type). The cream is easily removed at home by the patient several hours later. Cosmelan® will produce an initial “peeling” of the skin, which will leave the skin smooth and dramatically decrease the signs of facial pigmentation. Cosmelan® is a simple and safe treatment with minimal down time. The patient returns three weeks later for a touch-up of Cosmelan® in order to treat any residual pigmentation.
A series of creams including kojic acid, azelaic acid, and Vitamin K creams are used at home after the mask to maintain the effects of the procedure and keep the skin clear and pigment-free. Strict sun avoidance must be maintained throughout the procedure and afterwards in order to avoid pigmentation recurrence. If you’re ready to bring out the best in your skin, contact us online today or call 212-535-3088 to learn more about why Dr. Green is a trusted source for melasma treatment in New York City.
*Disclaimer: Results may vary with each patient.